素人が 作った お魚図鑑 E.ニシン目 Clupeiformes
ニシン亜目 Clupeoidei

1.ニシン科(イワシ科) Clupeidae

2014/8/2現在 4種9枚(水族館等:1種16枚)

ウルメイワシ亜科(キビナゴ亜科)
Dussumieriinae
 

ドロクイ亜科 Dorosomatinae
1.キビナゴ属 Spratelloides 1.コノシロ属 Konosirus
東伊豆富戸ヨコバマ -1 東海大学海洋科学博物館
キビナゴ
Spratelloides gracilis
Silver-stripe round herring
コノシロ(aq)
Konosirus punctatus
Konoshiro gizzard shad

ニシン亜科 Clupeinae
1.Sardinops属
西伊豆土肥通り崎B-1
マイワシ
Sardinops melanostictus
Japanese pilchard
2.Sardinella属
西伊豆大瀬崎柵下-1 インドネシアバリ島トランバン沈船右-1
サッパ
Sardinella zunasi
Japanese sardinella
カタボシイワシ
Sardinella lemuru
Bali sardinella

1.ニシン科(イワシ科) Clupeidae
全世界の熱帯〜亜熱帯の沿岸域や淡水域に生息。
82属360種が知られている。日本近海には26種。

ウルメイワシ亜科(キビナゴ亜科) Dussumieriinae 
キビナゴ属 Spratelloides
01 キビナゴ Silver-stripe round herring Spratelloides gracilis
{Spratelloides atrofasciatus}
ミナミキビナゴ Delicate round herring Spratelloides delicatulus
Fringe-scale round herring Spratelloides robustus
Lewis' round herring Spratelloides lewisi
ウルメイワシ属 Etrumeus
07 ウルメイワシ Red-eye round herring,Round herring Etrumeus teres
Whitehead's round herring Etrumeus whiteheadi
Etrumeus micropus
ギンイワシ属 Dussumieria
ギンイワシ Slender rainbow sardine Dussumieria elopsoides
レインボーサーディン Rainbow sardine Dussumieria acuta

フレッシュウォーターヘリング亜科 Pellonulinae
Clupeichthys属
Kapuas river sprat Clupeichthys bleekeri
Perak river sprat Clupeichthys perakensis
Sumatran river sprat Clupeichthys goniognathus
Thai river sprat Clupeichthys aesarnensis

ニシン亜科 Clupeinae
マイワシ属 Sardinops
02 マイワシ South American pilchard Sardinops sagax
(Sardinops melanostictus)
ウロコサッパ属 Harengula
False herring Harengula clupeola
Pacific flatiron herring Harengula thrissina
Redear herring Harengula humeralis
Scaled herring Harengula jaguana
コノシロモドキ属 Opisthonema
Atlantic thread herring Opisthonema oglinum
Galapagos thread herring Opisthonema berlangai
Middling thread herring Opisthonema medirastre
Pacific thread herring Opisthonema libertate
Slender thread herring Opisthonema bulleri
サッパ属 Sardinella
03 サッパ Japanese sardinella Sardinella zunasi
04 オグロイワシ Blacktip sardinella Sardinella melanura
a1 カタボシイワシ Bali sardinella Sardinella lemuru
ブラジルサッパ Brazilian sardinella Sardinella brasiliensis
(Sardinella janeiro)
ラウンドサルディネラ Round sardinella Sardinella aurita
Bleeker's blacktip sardinella Sardinella atricauda
Deepbody sardinella Sardinella brachysoma
East African sardinella Sardinella neglecta
Fiji sardinella Sardinella fijiense
Freshwater sardinella Sardinella tawilis
Fringescale sardinella Sardinella fimbriata
Goldstripe sardinella Sardinella gibbosa
Indian oil sardine Sardinella longiceps
Madeiran sardinella Sardinella maderensis
Marquesan sardinella Sardinella marquesensis
Mauritian sardinella Sardinella jussieu
Richardson's sardinella Sardinella richardsoni
Sind sardinella Sardinella sindensis
Taiwan sardinella Sardinella hualiensis
White sardinella Sardinella albella
Yellowtail sardinella Sardinella rouxi
サルディナ属 Sardina
サーディン Sardine、European pilchard Sardina pilchardus
スプラットゥス属 Sprattus
Australian sprat Sprattus novaehollandiae
European sprat(Baltic sprat) Sprattus sprattus sprattus
(Sprattus sprattus balticus)
Falkland sprat Sprattus fuegensis
New Zealand blueback sprat Sprattus antipodum
New Zealand sprat Sprattus muelleri
ニシン属 Clupea
06 ニシン Pacific herring Clupea pallasii pallasii
ヘリング Atlantic herring(Baltic herring) Clupea harengus harengus
(Clupea harengus membras)
Chosa herring Clupea pallasii suworowi
White Sea herring Clupea pallasii marisalbi
Araucanian herring Clupea bentincki
ミズン属 Herklotsichthys
ミズン Bluestripe herring Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
Australian spotted herring Herklotsichthys lippa
Blackburn's herring Herklotsichthys blackburni
Blacksaddle herring Herklotsichthys dispilonotus
Castelnau's herring Herklotsichthys castelnaui
Collette's herring Herklotsichthys collettei
Goto's herring Herklotsichthys gotoi
Gulf herring Herklotsichthys lossei
Koningsberger's herring Herklotsichthys koningsbergeri
Reunion herring Herklotsichthys spilurus
Spotback herring Herklotsichthys punctatus
Herklotsichthys ovalis
ヤマトミズン属 Amblygaster
ホシヤマトミズン Spotted sardinella Amblygaster sirm
ヤマトミズン Smoothbelly sardinella Amblygaster leiogaster
Bleeker smoothbelly sardinella Amblygaster clupeoides
Clupeonella属
Abrau sprat Clupeonella abrau abrau
Anchovy sprat Clupeonella engrauliformis
Black and Caspian Sea sprat,Black Sea sprat Clupeonella cultriventris
Caspian tyulka Clupeonella caspia
Freshwater tyulka Clupeonella tscharchalensis
Southern Caspian sprat Clupeonella grimmi
Clupeonella abrau muhlisi
Escualosa属
ホワイトサーディン White sardine Escualosa thoracata
Slender white sardine Escualosa elongata
Lile属
Atlantic piquitinga Lile piquitinga
Blackstripe herring Lile nigrofasciata
Graceful piquitinga Lile gracilis
Pacific piquitinga Lile stolifera

シャッド亜科 Alosinae
エトマロサ属 Ethmalosa
エトマロサ・フィンブリアタ Bonga shad Ethmalosa fimbriata
テヌアロサ属 Tenualosa
ジギョ Reeves shad Tenualosa reevesii
Hilsa shad Tenualosa ilisha
Laotian shad Tenualosa thibaudeaui
Longtail shad Tenualosa macrura
Toli shad Tenualosa toli
ニシンダマシ属(アロサ属)Alosa
Agone Alosa agone
Agrakhan shad Alosa sphaerocephala
Alabama shad Alosa alabamae
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus
Allis shad Alosa alosa
American shad Alosa sapidissima
Astrabad shad Alosa caspia persica
Azov shad Alosa tanaica
Black sea shad Alosa maeotica
Blueback shad Alosa aestivalis
Caspian anadromous shad Alosa kessleri
Caspian marine shad Alosa braschnikowi
Caspian shad Alosa caspia caspia
Enzeli shad Alosa caspia knipowitschi
Hickory shad Alosa mediocris
Killarney shad Alosa killarnensis
Kura shad Alosa curensis
(Caspialosa curensis)
Macedonia shad Alosa macedonica
North African shad Alosa algeriensis
Pontic shad Alosa immaculata
Saposhnikovi shad Alosa saposchnikowii
Skipjack shad Alosa chrysochloris
Thracian shad Alosa vistonica
Twaite shad Alosa fallax
Volga shad Alosa volgensis
Alosa suworowi
Brevoortia属
Argentine menhaden Brevoortia pectinata
Atlantic menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus
Brazilian menhaden Brevoortia aurea
Finescale menhaden Brevoortia gunteri
Gulf menhaden Brevoortia patronus
Yellowfin menhaden Brevoortia smithi
Hilsa属
Kelee shad Hilsa kelee

コノシロ亜科(ドロクイ亜科) Dorosomatinae
コノシロ属 Konosirus
05 コノシロ(aq) Dotted gizzard shad,Konoshiro gizzard shad Konosirus punctatus
ドロクイ属 Nematalosa
08 リュウキュウドロクイ Western Pacific gizzard shad Nematalosa come
ドロクイ Japanese gizzard shad Nematalosa japonica
Arabian gizzard shad Nematalosa arabica
Australian river gizzard shad Nematalosa erebi
Bloch's gizzard shad Nematalosa nasus
Fly river gizzard shad Nematalosa flyensis
Galathea gizzard shad Nematalosa galatheae
Strickland river gizzard shad Nematalosa papuensis
Western Australian gizzard shad Nematalosa vlaminghi
Nematalosa persara
Nematalosa resticularia

亜科不明
アノドントストマ属 Anodontostoma
チャクンダギザードシャッド Chacunda gizzard shad Anodontostoma chacunda
タイギザードシャッド Thai gizzard shad Anodontostoma thailandiae
Indonesian gizzard shad Anodontostoma selangkat
Chirocentrodon属
Dogtooth herring Chirocentrodon bleekerianus
Clupanodon属
Chinese gizzard shad Clupanodon thrissa
Clupeoides属
Borneo river sprat Clupeoides borneensis
Kalimantan river sprat Clupeoides hypselosoma
Papuan river sprat Clupeoides papuensis
West Irian river sprat Clupeoides venulosus
Congothrissa属
Smoothbelly pellonuline Congothrissa gossei
Corica属
Bangkok river sprat Corica laciniata
Ganges river sprat Corica soborna
Dayella属
Day's round herring Dayella malabarica
Dorosoma属
American gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum
Mexican river gizzard shad Dorosoma anale
Nicaragua gizzard shad Dorosoma chavesi
Pacific gizzard shad Dorosoma smithi
Threadfin shad Dorosoma petenense
Ehirava属
Malabar sprat Ehirava fluviatilis
Ethmidium属
Pacific menhaden Ethmidium maculatum
Gilchristella属
Gilchrist's round herring Gilchristella aestuaria
Gonialosa属
Burmese river gizzard shad Gonialosa modesta
Ganges river gizzard shad Gonialosa manmina
Southern Burmese river gizzard shad Gonialosa whiteheadi
Gudusia属
Burmese river shad Gudusia variegata
Indian river shad Gudusia chapra
Hyperlophus属
Sandy sprat Hyperlophus vittatus
Transparent sandy sprat Hyperlophus translucidus
Jenkinsia属
Dwarf round herring Jenkinsia lamprotaenia
Florida round herring Jenkinsia stolifera
Little-eye round herring Jenkinsia majua
Short-striped round herring Jenkinsia parvula
Laeviscutella属
Roundbelly pellonuline Laeviscutella dekimpei
Limnothrissa属
Lake Tanganyika sardine Limnothrissa miodon
Microthrissa属
Bigscale pellonuline Microthrissa congica
Dungu sprat Microthrissa minuta
Lake Mweru sprat Microthrissa moeruensis
Royal sprat Microthrissa royauxi
Microthrissa whiteheadi
Minyclupeoides属
Minyclupeoides dentibranchialus
Nannothrissa属
Lake Tumba dwarf sprat Nannothrissa parva
Mai-ndombe dwarf sprat Nannothrissa stewarti
Neoopisthopterus属
Cuban longfin herring Neoopisthopterus cubanus
Tropical longfin herring Neoopisthopterus tropicus
Odaxothrissa属
Ansorge fangtooth pellonuline Odaxothrissa ansorgii
Losera fangtooth pellonuline Odaxothrissa losera
Nigerian fangtooth pellonuline Odaxothrissa mento
Regan's fangtooth pellonuline Odaxothrissa vittata
Odontognathus属
Caribbean longfin herring Odontognathus compressus
Guiana longfin herring Odontognathus mucronatus
Panama longfin herring Odontognathus panamensis
Opisthopterus属
Bigeyed longfin herring Opisthopterus macrops
Dove's longfin herring Opisthopterus dovii
Equatorial longfin herring Opisthopterus equatorialis
Slender tardoor Opisthopterus valenciennesi
Tardoore Opisthopterus tardoore
Vaqueira longfin herring Opisthopterus effulgens
Pellonula属
Bigtoothed pellonula Pellonula vorax
Smalltoothed pellonula Pellonula leonensis
Platanichthys属
River Plate sprat Platanichthys platana
Pliosteostoma属
Yellowfin herring Pliosteostoma lutipinnis
Poecilothrissa属
Central Zaire pellonuline Poecilothrissa centralis
Potamalosa属
Australian freshwater herring Potamalosa richmondia
Potamothrissa属
Bluntnosed sawtooth pellonuline Potamothrissa obtusirostris
Sharpnosed sawtooth pellonuline Potamothrissa acutirostris
Whitehead's sawtooth pellonuline Potamothrissa whiteheadi
Raconda属
Raconda Raconda russeliana
Ramnogaster属
Jenyns's sprat Ramnogaster arcuata
Uruguay river sprat Ramnogaster melanostoma
Rhinosardinia属
Amazon spinejaw sprat Rhinosardinia amazonica
Bahia sprat Rhinosardinia bahiensis
Sauvagella属
Madagascar round herring Sauvagella madagascariensis
Sauvagella robusta
Sierrathrissa属
West African pygmy herring Sierrathrissa leonensis
Spratellomorpha属
Two-finned round herring Spratellomorpha bianalis
Stolothrissa属
Lake Tanganyika sprat Stolothrissa tanganicae
Thrattidion属
Sanaga pygmy herring Thrattidion noctivagus

ヒラ亜科 Pelloninae(ヒラ科 Pristigasteridaeとする場合もある。)
ヒラ属 Ilisha属
09 ヒラ Elongate ilisha Ilisha elongata
Amazon ilisha Ilisha amazonica
Banded ilisha Ilisha striatula
Bigeye ilisha Ilisha megaloptera
Burmese River ilisha Ilisha novacula
Coromandel ilisha Ilisha filigera
Hidden ilisha Ilisha obfuscata
Indian ilisha Ilisha melastoma
Javan ilisha Ilisha pristigastroides
Kalimantan ilisha Ilisha macrogaster
Kampen's ilisha Ilisha kampeni
Lobejaw ilisha Ilisha sirishai
Longtail ilisha Ilisha lunula
Pacific ilisha Ilisha fuerthii
West African ilisha Ilisha africana
Ilisha compressa
ペローナ属 Pellona
アマゾン・ペローナ Amazon pellona Pellona castelnaeana
American coastal pellona Pellona harroweri
Day's pellona Pellona dayi
Indian pellona Pellona ditchela
Yellowfin river pellona Pellona flavipinnis
Pellona altamazonica
Pristigaster属
Amazon hatchet herring Pristigaster cayana
Pristigaster whiteheadi