‘fl‚ªì‚Á‚½‚¨‹›}ŠÓ ƒ^ƒREƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC—Þ
“î‘Ì“®•¨–å Mullusca@‰îŠkˆŸ–å Conchifera
“ª‘«j Cephalopoda

2014/11/10Œ»Ý@11Ží57–‡i…‘°ŠÙ“™F4Ží21–‡C•W–{2Ží3–‡j

ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC—Þ
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒCˆŸj Nautiloidea[Žlé҈Ÿj Tetrabranchia]
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC–Ú Nautilida


ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC‰È Nautilidae

ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC‘® Nautilus
ƒjƒ…[ƒJƒŒƒhƒjƒAi…‘°ŠÙj ƒTƒ“ƒVƒƒƒCƒ“ƒ_ƒCƒrƒ“ƒOƒtƒFƒX
ƒIƒIƒxƒ\ƒIƒEƒ€(aq)
Nautilus macromphalus
New Caledonia nautilus
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC(aq)
Nautilus pompilius pompilius
Emperor nautilus

ƒ^ƒR—Þ
“ñé҈Ÿj Dibranchia[âŒ`ˆŸj Coleoidea]
”ª˜rŒ`–Ú Octopoda

ƒqƒQƒ_ƒRˆŸ–Ú Cirrata[—LG–їށE—L•h—Þ]

ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR‰È Opisthoteuthidae

ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR‘® Opisthoteuthis
“ŒŠC‘åŠwŠC—m‰ÈŠw”Ž•¨ŠÙ
•W–{ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR(aq)
Opisthoteuthis depressa
Flapjack octopus

ƒ}ƒ_ƒRˆŸ–Ú Incirrata

ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR‰È Amphitrethidae

ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR‘® Amphitretus
“ŒŠC‘åŠwŠC—m‰ÈŠw”Ž•¨ŠÙ
•W–{ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR(aq)
Amphitretus pelagicus

ƒ}ƒ_ƒR‰È Octopodidae

ƒ}ƒ_ƒRˆŸ‰È Octopodinae
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR‘® Octopus<ˆŸ‘®•s–¾>
ƒtƒBƒŠƒsƒ“ƒZƒu“‡ƒŠƒƒAƒ“
ƒwƒAƒŠ[ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX
Octopus sp1
hairly octopus
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR‘® Octopus<OctopusˆŸ‘®>
”ªdŽR”“‡ÎŠ_“‡ƒgƒJƒLƒ“-10 ¼ˆÉ“¤‘吣èò‰º-30 ¼ˆÉ“¤“y”ì’Ê‚èè‚a-20
ƒƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR
Octopus cyanea
Common reef octopus
ƒXƒiƒ_ƒR
Octopus kagoshimensis
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR
Octopus vulgaris
Common octopus
ƒCƒ“ƒhƒlƒVƒAƒŒƒ“ƒxAer_Prang2-23 ƒCƒ“ƒhƒlƒVƒAƒŒƒ“ƒxJahir2-18 ƒtƒBƒŠƒsƒ“ƒ‹ƒ\ƒ““‡ƒAƒjƒ‰ƒISecret B-6
ƒƒWƒƒ_ƒR
(ƒRƒRƒiƒbƒcƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX)

Octopus marginatus
Veined octopus
ƒEƒfƒ{ƒ\ƒ_ƒR
(ƒƒ“ƒOƒA[ƒ€ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX)

Octopus defilippi
Longarm octopus
ƒRƒcƒuƒCƒCƒ_ƒR
Octopus membranaceus
¼ˆÉ“¤“y”ì’Ê‚èèB’¾ö-20
ƒTƒƒnƒ_ƒeƒiƒKƒ_ƒR
Octopus luteus
ƒ~ƒYƒ_ƒR‘® Paroctopus ƒqƒ‡ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR‘® Hapalochlaena Thaumoctopus‘®
V]ƒm“‡…‘°ŠÙ ¼ˆÉ“¤“y”ì’Ê‚èèB-8 ƒCƒ“ƒhƒlƒVƒAƒŒƒ“ƒxAer_Bajo3-18
ƒ~ƒYƒ_ƒR(aq)
Paroctopus dofleini
North Pacific Giant Octopus
ƒqƒ‡ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR
Hapalochlaena fastigiata
Blue lined octopus
ƒ[ƒuƒ‰ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX
(ƒ~ƒ~ƒbƒNƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX)
j

Thaumoctopus mimicus
Mimic octopus
Wunderpus‘®
ƒCƒ“ƒhƒlƒVƒAƒoƒŠ“‡ƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒoƒ“
ƒƒ“ƒ_[ƒpƒX
Wunderpus photogenicus
Wunderpus octopus

ƒƒ^ƒ]ƒRƒ_ƒRˆŸ‰È Bathypolypodinae
ƒ`ƒqƒƒ_ƒR‘® Benthoctopus
“ŒŠC‘åŠwŠC—m‰ÈŠw”Ž•¨ŠÙ
ƒNƒƒ_ƒR(aq)
Benthoctopus fuscus

“î‘Ì“®•¨–å Mullusca@‰îŠkˆŸ–å Conchifera
“ª‘«j Cephalopoda


ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC—Þ
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒCˆŸj Nautiloidea[Žlé҈Ÿj Tetrabranchia]

ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC–Ú Nautilida

‰È ˆŸ
‰È
˜a–¼ ‰p–¼ Šw–¼
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC‰È Nautilidae
@ @ ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC‘® Nautilus
ƒIƒIƒxƒ\ƒIƒEƒ€(aq) Bellybutton nautilus
New Caledonia nautilus
Nautilus macromphalus
ƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC(aq) Emperor nautilus Nautilus pompilius pompilius
ƒpƒ‰ƒIƒIƒEƒ€ƒKƒC Palau nautilus Nautilus belauensis
Chambered nautilus Chambered nautilus Nautilus pompilius suluensis
ƒRƒxƒ\ƒIƒEƒ€ White-patch nautilus Nautilus stenomphalus
Allonautilus‘®
ƒqƒƒxƒ\ƒIƒEƒ€ Umbilicate Nautilus Allonautilus scrobiculatus

ƒ^ƒR—Þ
“ñé҈Ÿj Dibranchia[âŒ`ˆŸj Coleoidea]
”ª˜rŒ`–Ú Octopoda

ƒ€ƒJƒVƒ_ƒRˆŸ–Ú Palaeoctopoda
@
ƒqƒQƒ_ƒRˆŸ–Ú Cirrata[—LG–їށE—L•h—Þ]
‰È ˆŸ
‰È
˜a–¼ ‰p–¼ Šw–¼
ƒqƒQƒ_ƒR‰È Cirroteuthidae
@ @ ƒqƒQƒiƒKƒ_ƒR‘® Cirrothauma
ƒqƒQƒiƒKƒ_ƒR | Cirrothauma murrayi
Cirroteuthis‘®
Froekenia‘®
ƒWƒ…ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒWƒ_ƒR‰È Stauroteuthidae
ƒWƒ…ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒWƒ_ƒR‘® Stauroteuthis
ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR‰È Opisthoteuthidae
ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR‘® Opisthoteuthis
ƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR(aq) | Opisthoteuthis depressa
ƒIƒIƒƒ“ƒ_ƒR | Opisthoteuthis californiana
ƒZƒ“ƒxƒCƒ_ƒR | Opisthoteuthis japonica
Cirroctopus‘®
Grimpoteuthididae‰È
Grimpoteuthis‘®
ƒIƒIƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR | Grimpoteuthis albatrossi
Enigmatiteuthis‘®
Luteuthididae‰È
Luteuthis‘®

ƒ}ƒ_ƒRˆŸ–Ú Incirrata[–³G–їށE–³•h—Þ]
‰È ˆŸ
‰È
˜a–¼ ‰p–¼ Šw–¼
ƒtƒNƒƒ_ƒR‰È Bolitaenidae
@ @ ƒiƒcƒƒ_ƒR‘® Japetella
ƒiƒcƒƒ_ƒR | Japetella diaphana
Bolitaena‘®
Dorsopsis‘®
Eledonella‘®
ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR‰È Amphitrethidae
ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR‘® Amphitretus
ƒNƒ‰ƒQƒ_ƒR(aq) | Amphitretus pelagicus
ƒeƒiƒKƒ„ƒƒ‰ƒ_ƒR‰È Idioctopodidae
ƒeƒiƒKƒ„ƒƒ‰ƒ_ƒR‘® Idioctopus
ƒeƒiƒKƒ„ƒƒ‰ƒ_ƒR | Idioctopus gracilipes
ƒXƒJƒVƒ_ƒR‰È Vitreledonellidae
ƒXƒJƒVƒ_ƒR‘® Vitreledonella
ƒXƒJƒVƒ_ƒR | Vitreledonella richardi
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR‰È Octopodidae
ƒ}ƒ_ƒRˆŸ‰È Octopodinae
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR‘® Octopus
<HˆŸ‘®>
ƒwƒAƒŠ[ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX hairly octopus Octopus sp1
<OctopusˆŸ‘®>
ƒƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR Common reef octopus Octopus cyanea
ƒXƒiƒ_ƒR | Octopus kagoshimensis
ƒ}ƒ_ƒR | Octopus vulgaris
ƒƒWƒƒ_ƒR(ƒRƒRƒiƒbƒcƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX) Veined octopusiCoconat octopusj Octopus marginatus
ƒEƒfƒ{ƒ\ƒ_ƒR(ƒƒ“ƒOƒA[ƒ€ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX) Longarm octopus Octopus defilippi
ƒTƒƒnƒ_ƒeƒiƒKƒ_ƒR | Octopus luteus
ƒRƒcƒuƒCƒCƒ_ƒR | Octopus membranaceus
ƒVƒRƒNƒ_ƒR | Octopus alatus
ƒˆƒcƒƒ_ƒR | Octopus areolatus
ƒ„ƒiƒMƒ_ƒR | Octopus conispadiceus
ƒgƒ„ƒ}ƒ_ƒR | Octopus fujitai
ƒiƒ~ƒ_ƒR | Octopus hattai
ƒAƒ}ƒ_ƒR | Octopus hongkongensis
ƒXƒiƒ_ƒR | Octopus aegina
ƒNƒ‚ƒ_ƒR | Octopus longispadiceus
ƒTƒKƒ~ƒ_ƒR | Octopus madokai
ƒIƒIƒƒ_ƒR | Octopus megalops
ƒeƒiƒKƒ_ƒR | Octopus minor minor
Octopus minor pardalis
Octopus minor typicus
ƒxƒjƒcƒPƒ_ƒR | Octopus mototi
ƒeƒMƒŒƒ_ƒR | Octopus mutilans
ƒCƒCƒ_ƒR | Octopus ocellatus
ƒIƒz[ƒcƒNƒ_ƒR | Octopus ochotensis
ƒAƒiƒ_ƒR | Octopus oliveri
ƒVƒ}ƒ_ƒR | Octopus ornatus
ƒCƒCƒ_ƒRƒ‚ƒhƒL | Octopus ovulum
ƒ}ƒƒ_ƒR | Octopus parvus
ƒ}ƒƒ_ƒR | Octopus berenice
ƒ}ƒcƒoƒ_ƒR | Octopus sasakii
ƒcƒmƒ‚ƒ`ƒ_ƒR | Octopus tenuicirrus
ƒAƒVƒ{ƒ\ƒ_ƒR | Octopus tenuipulvinus
ƒcƒKƒ‹ƒ_ƒR | Octopus tsugarensis
ƒGƒ“ƒhƒEƒ_ƒR | Octopus yendoi
ƒƒ“ƒ_[ƒpƒX Wonderpus Octopus sp2
<AbdopusˆŸ‘®>
ƒ~ƒYƒ_ƒR‘® Paroctopus‘®
ƒ~ƒYƒ_ƒR(aq) North Pacific Giant Octopus Paroctopus dofleini
ƒ„ƒƒnƒ_ƒ_ƒR‘® Pteroctopus
ƒ„ƒƒnƒ_ƒ_ƒR | Pteroctopus hoylei
ƒZƒrƒƒ_ƒR | Pteroctopus eurycephala
ƒCƒbƒJƒNƒ_ƒR‘® Scaeurgus
ƒCƒbƒJƒNƒ_ƒR | Scaeurgus patagiatus
ƒqƒ‡ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR‘® Hapalochlaena
ƒqƒ‡ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR Blue-lined octopus
Southern blue-lined octopus
Hapalochlaena fasciata
ƒIƒIƒ}ƒ‹ƒ‚ƒ“ƒ_ƒR Greater blue-ringed octopus Hapalochlaena lunulata
Hapalochlaena maculosa Blue-ring octopus
Lesser blue-ringed octopus
Southern blue-ringed octopus
Hapalochlaena maculosa
Thaumoctopus‘®
ƒ[ƒuƒ‰ƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX(ƒ~ƒ~ƒbƒNƒIƒNƒgƒpƒX) Mimic octopus Thaumoctopus mimicus
Wunderpus‘®
ƒƒ“ƒ_[ƒpƒX Wunderpus octopus Wunderpus photogenicus
Ameloctopus‘®
Aphrodoctopus‘®
Cistopus‘®
Euaxoctopus‘®
Pinnoctopus‘®
Robsonella‘®
ƒƒ^ƒ]ƒRƒ_ƒRˆŸ‰È Bathypolypodinae
ƒƒ^ƒ]ƒRƒ_ƒR‘® Bathypolypus
ƒƒ^ƒ]ƒRƒ_ƒR | Bathypolypus salebrosus
ƒRƒVƒLƒƒ^ƒ]ƒRƒ_ƒR | Bathypolypus validus
ƒ`ƒqƒƒ_ƒR‘® Benthoctopus
ƒ`ƒqƒƒ_ƒR | Benthoctopus profundorum
ƒGƒ]ƒ_ƒR | Benthoctopus hokkaidensis
ƒLƒVƒ…ƒEƒ`ƒqƒƒ_ƒR | Benthoctopus abruptus
ƒNƒƒ_ƒR(aq) | Benthoctopus fuscus
ƒXƒ~ƒŒƒ_ƒR | Benthoctopus violescens
Grimpella‘®
Teretoctopus‘®
ƒCƒ{ƒ_ƒRˆŸ‰È Graneledoninae
ƒCƒ{ƒ_ƒR‘® Graneledone
ƒzƒNƒˆƒEƒCƒ{ƒ_ƒR | Graneledone boreopacifica
Bentheledone‘®
Thaumeledone‘®
EledoninaeˆŸ‰È
Eledone‘®
[ƒCƒ`ƒŒƒcƒ_ƒR] | E.cirrhosa
Pareledone‘®
Tetracheledone‘®
Velodona‘®
Vosseledone‘®
MegaleledoninaeˆŸ‰È
Megaleledone‘®
–¢Œˆ’è@@Undetermined
Vulcanoctopus‘®
ƒ€ƒ‰ƒTƒLƒ_ƒR‰È Tremoctopodidae
ƒ€ƒ‰ƒTƒLƒ_ƒR‘® Tremoctopus
ƒ€ƒ‰ƒTƒLƒ_ƒR | Tremoctopus violaceus gracilis
ƒAƒ~ƒ_ƒR‰È Ocythoidae
ƒAƒ~ƒ_ƒR‘® Ocythoe
ƒAƒ~ƒ_ƒR | Ocythoe tuberculata
ƒAƒIƒCƒKƒC‰È Argonautidae
ƒAƒIƒCƒKƒC‘® Argonauta
ƒAƒIƒCƒKƒCiƒJƒCƒ_ƒRj | Argonauta argo
ƒ^ƒRƒuƒl | Argonauta hians
ƒ`ƒaƒ~ƒ^ƒRƒuƒl | Argonauta bottgeri
ƒJƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒ_ƒR‰È Allopodidae
ƒJƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒ_ƒR‘® Haliphron
ƒJƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒ_ƒR | Haliphron atlanticus